The diagnosis of many neuro-ophthalmic conditions is facilitated with neuro-imaging. The two main modalities are Computed Tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). Clinicians who refer patients for either of these techniques must not only know which of them to choose, but also where the imaging should be performed (e.g. brain, orbit), whether or not contrast is indicated, and if angiography should be supplemented. These complexities often result in imaging studies that are either unneeded or unhelpful. The goal of this manuscript is to provide a practical set of guidelines for the general ophthalmologist of how to choose the correct parameters for neuro-imaging studies.