Ocular manifestations of Stevens-Johnson syndrome and their management.

Date Published:

2016 Aug 31


PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent advances and outcomes data in the management of Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis (SJS/TEN) demonstrate the need for a universal standard of care for patients admitted with the disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Amniotic membrane transplantation, aggressive topical corticosteroids, and lubrication in the acute stage are necessary to prevent or mitigate long-term ocular sequelae. If chronic ocular disease does occur, several interventions can be employed to prevent progressive vision loss and discomfort. The earliest interventions are the ones most likely to prevent chronic complications. SUMMARY: The literature overwhelmingly describes acute intervention for ocular involvement in SJS/TEN as improving long-term outcomes. All patients admitted for SJS/TEN or suspicion of SJS/TEN should be evaluated and then closely followed by ophthalmologists. As the disease progresses, the interventions needed for visual rehabilitation become more invasive and higher risk.

See also: Cornea, August 2016, All, 2016
Last updated on 09/08/2016