A Retrospective Review of Orbital Decompression for Thyroid Orbitopathy with Endoscopic Preservation of the Inferomedial Orbital Bone Strut

Citation:

Finn AP, Bleier B, Cestari DM, Kazlas MA, Dagi LR, Lefebvre DR, Yoon MK, Freitag SK. A Retrospective Review of Orbital Decompression for Thyroid Orbitopathy with Endoscopic Preservation of the Inferomedial Orbital Bone Strut. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2017;33(5):334-339.

Date Published:

2017 Sep/Oct

Abstract:

PURPOSE: To determine incidence of new-onset diplopia, resolution of preexisting diplopia, and impact on proptosis resulting from endoscopic orbital decompression with and without preservation of the inferomedial orbital strut for thyroid orbitopathy. METHODS: Retrospective review of all patients undergoing endoscopic 2- or 3-wall decompression with or without preservation of the strut for thyroid orbitopathy from January 2012 to June 2015. RESULTS: Twenty-six patients (45 orbits) were included and divided into 4 primary categories: 2-wall decompression with strut preservation (4 orbits, 8%), 2-wall decompression with strut removal (7 orbits, 16%), 3-wall decompression with strut preservation (27 orbits, 60%), and 3-wall decompression with strut removal (7 orbits, 16%). The incidence of new-onset diplopia was 20% (2/10 patients without preoperative diplopia) overall and 16% in the strut preservation group (1/6 patients without preoperative diplopia). Resolution of diplopia occurred in 4 of 16 patients (25%) with preoperative diplopia, and all 4 had been treated with a 3-wall decompression with strut preservation. Resolution of diplopia in the group treated with strut preservation was 36% (4/11 patients with preoperative diplopia), and 0% of the 5 diplopic patients treated without strut preservation. Reduction in proptosis was statistically greater in those treated with strut removal (p = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that endoscopic orbital decompression with preservation of the inferomedial bone strut results in a comparable to lower rate of new-onset diplopia compared with other reported techniques. When combined with 3-wall balanced decompression, this technique demonstrates a high rate of resolution of preexisting diplopia.

Last updated on 09/22/2017