Paediatric anterior uveitis management in the USA: a single-centre, 10-year retrospective chart review exploring the efficacy and safety of systemic immunomodulatory therapy. Eye (Lond) 2022;Abstract.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of immunomodulatory therapy (IMT) in paediatric anterior uveitis. METHODS: Chart review of all patients ≤ 18 years treated for anterior uveitis using a stepladder approach during a 10-year period. The type and duration of IMT were noted. The data were analysed depending on chronicity, aetiology, and type of IMT using appropriate statistical tests. The outcome measures included ocular complications, the need for surgical intervention, and visual outcomes. RESULTS: One hundred and thirty-four patients (191 eyes) were analyzed. The median age at diagnosis was 7 years (interquartile range (IQR): 7.5 years). The median follow-up was 4 years (IQR: 6 years). The most common causes of anterior uveitis were Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (64 patients, 47.8%) and undifferentiated (33 patients, 24.6%). All patients were started on topical steroids and cycloplegics. 94 (70%) patients required IMT. 92 (68.6%) were started on Methotrexate as the first agent, of which 21 (22%) were switched to a different agent owing to side effects. Biologic agent was added in 55 (41%) patients. 21 (16%) required switch to a second biologic agent, 5 (3.7%) to third, and 1 (0.8%) to fourth biologic agent. At the last exam, 11 (8%) had persistent inflammation. 55 (41%) had ocular complications, and 113 (84%) had a best corrected visual acuity ≥ 20/40. CONCLUSION: Early introduction of IMT and switch to different agents may be required to control anterior uveitis and reduce the complications in children. IMT is safe and effective in treating paediatric anterior uveitis.