Wells Syndrome Presenting as Atypical Periorbital Cellulitis. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2022;Abstract.
A 62-year-old man presented with diffuse, painless, left-sided preseptal edema, erythema, and woody induration extending to the left temple. The induration generated an orbital compartment syndrome with markedly elevated intraocular pressure necessitating lateral canthotomy and cantholysis. Although atypical for an infectious etiology, empiric broad-spectrum intravenous antibiotics were initiated with no improvement. A tissue biopsy demonstrated extensive perivascular and interstitial eosinophils with focal flame figures, and the patient was diagnosed with a severe hypersensitivity reaction or eosinophilic cellulitis (Wells syndrome). The disease process remitted rapidly upon initiation of oral prednisone. Wells syndrome is a rare inflammatory eosinophilic dermatosis, most often presenting in the limbs and trunk, with few reports of facial and periorbital involvement. This case highlights the importance of considering Wells syndrome in the differential diagnosis of atypical periorbital cellulitis that is nonresponsive to antibiotics and reviews the clinicopathologic nature of this disease.