Archetypal Analysis Reveals Quantifiable Patterns of Visual Field Loss in Optic Neuritis


Solli E, Doshi H, Elze T, Pasquale L, Wall M, Kupersmith M. Archetypal Analysis Reveals Quantifiable Patterns of Visual Field Loss in Optic Neuritis. Transl Vis Sci Technol 2022;11(1):27.

Date Published:

2022 01 03


Purpose: Identifying and monitoring visual field (VF) defects due to optic neuritis (ON) relies on qualitative clinician interpretation. Archetypal analysis (AA), a form of unsupervised machine learning, is used to quantify VF defects in glaucoma. We hypothesized that AA can identify quantifiable, ON-specific patterns (as archetypes [ATs]) of VF loss that resemble known ON VF defects. Methods: We applied AA to a dataset of 3892 VFs prospectively collected from 456 eyes in the Optic Neuritis Treatment Trial (ONTT), and decomposed each VF into component ATs (total weight = 100%). AA of 568 VFs from 61 control eyes was used to define a minimum meaningful (≤7%) AT weight and weight change. We correlated baseline ON AT weights with global VF indices, visual acuity, and contrast sensitivity. For eyes with a dominant AT (weight ≥50%), we compared the ONTT VF classification with the AT pattern. Results: AA generated a set of 16 ATs containing patterns seen in the ONTT. These were distinct from control ATs. Baseline study eye VFs were decomposed into 2.9 ± 1.5 ATs. AT2, a global dysfunction pattern, had the highest mean weight at baseline (36%; 95% confidence interval, 33%-40%), and showed the strongest correlation with MD (r = -0.91; P < 0.001), visual acuity (r = 0.70; P < 0.001), and contrast sensitivity (r = -0.77; P < 0.001). Of 191 baseline VFs with a dominant AT, 81% matched the descriptive classifications. Conclusions: AA identifies and quantifies archetypal, ON-specific patterns of VF loss. Translational Relevance: AA is a quantitative, objective method for demonstrating and monitoring change in regional VF deficits in ON.

Last updated on 02/01/2022