Nasal Transposition of the Split Lateral Rectus Muscle for Strabismus Associated With Bilateral 3rd-Nerve Palsy


Oke I, Lorenz B, Basiakos S, Gokyigit B, Ugo Dodd M-M, Laurent E, Hunter DG, Goberville M, Elkamshoushy A, Tsai C-B, Orge F, Velez FG, Jeddawi L, Gravier N, Li N, Shah AS, Dagi LR, Dagi LR. Nasal Transposition of the Split Lateral Rectus Muscle for Strabismus Associated With Bilateral 3rd-Nerve Palsy. Am J Ophthalmol 2022;242:165-172.

Date Published:

2022 Oct


PURPOSE: To determine the success rate and complications associated with nasal transposition of the split lateral rectus muscle (NTSLR) for treating bilateral 3rd-nerve palsy. DESIGN: Retrospective, interventional case series. METHODS: An international, multicenter registry was used for the study. The study population was all patients with bilateral 3rd-nerve palsy treated with NTSLR. Sensorimotor evaluations were conducted before and 6 months after unilateral or bilateral NTSLR. Outcome measures were postoperative horizontal alignment ≤15 prism diopters (PD), intraoperative technical difficulties, and vision-threatening complications. The association of patient demographics and surgical technique with each outcome was analyzed using multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS: A total of 34 patients were included, with a median age of 46 years (interquartile range [IQR] = 25-54 years) at surgery. The most common etiologies were ischemic (29%), neoplastic (15%), and congenital (12%). NTSLR performed unilaterally with alternative surgery on the opposite eye (65%) resulted in a median postoperative exotropia of 18 PD (IQR = 7-35 PD), and when performed bilaterally (35%) resulted in postoperative exotropia of 14 PD (IQR = 5-35 PD). Success was achieved in 50% of cases, intraoperative technical difficulties were reported in 18%, and vision-threatening complications occurred in 21%. Attachment of the lateral rectus muscle ≥10 mm posterior to the medial rectus insertion was associated with increased vision-threatening complications (odds ratio = 9.0; 95% CI = 1.3-99). CONCLUSIONS: NTSLR can address the large-angle exotropia associated with bilateral 3rd-nerve palsy. Surgeons should be aware that posterior placement of the lateral rectus muscle may increase the risk of vision-threatening complications, particularly serous choroidal effusion.

Last updated on 10/29/2022