A novel, sensitive, and widely accessible besifloxacin quantification method by HPLC-fluorescence: Application to an ocular pharmacokinetic study

Citation:

Kuang L, Ross AE, Kanu LN, Romanowski EG, Kowalski RP, Kohane DS, Ciolino JB. A novel, sensitive, and widely accessible besifloxacin quantification method by HPLC-fluorescence: Application to an ocular pharmacokinetic study. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci 2021;1185:123010.

Date Published:

2021 Nov 15

Abstract:

Besifloxacin has been embraced for the treatment of ocular bacterial infections. While LC-MS/MS has been used in investigating BSF pharmacokinetics, those costly instruments are not universally available and have complicated requirements for operation and maintenance. Additionally, pharmacokinetics of besifloxacin in dose-intense regimens are still unknown. Herein, a new quantification method was developed employing the widely accessible HPLC with fluorescence detection and applied to an ocular pharmacokinetic study with an intense regimen. Biosamples were pre-treated using protein precipitation. Chromatographic separation was achieved on a C18 column using mobile phase of 0.1% trifluoroacetic acid and acetonitrile. To address the weak fluorescence issue of besifloxacin, effects of detection parameters, elution pattern, pH of mobile phase, and reconstitution solvents were investigated. The method was fully validated per US-FDA guidelines and demonstrated precision (<13%), accuracy (91-112%), lower limit of quantification (5 ng/mL), linearity over clinically relevant concentrations (R2 > 0.999), matrix-effects (93-105%), recoveries (95-106%), and excellent selectivity. The method showed agreement with agar disk diffusion assays for in vitro screening and comparable in vivo performance to LC-MS/MS (Deming Regression, y = 1.010x + 0.123, r = 0.997; Bland-Altman analysis, mean difference was -6.3%; n = 21). Pharmacokinetic parameters suggested superior surface-retentive properties of besifloxacin. Maximum concentrations were 1412 ± 1910 and 0.15 ± 0.12 μg/mL; area under the curve was 1,637 and 1.08 µg·h/g; and half-life was 4.9 and 4.1 h; and pharmacokinetic-to-pharmacodynamic ratios were ≥ 409 and ≤ 17.8 against ocular pathogens in tears and aqueous humor, respectively. This readily available method is sensitive for biosamples and practical for routine use, facilitating besifloxacin therapy development.

Last updated on 12/01/2021