Relationship between Atopic Disease and Acute Ocular and Systemic Outcomes in Patients with Stevens-Johnson Syndrome/Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis

Date Published:

2022 Apr 29

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationship between history of atopic disease on systemic and ocular manifestations of Stevens-Johnson Syndrome/Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (SJS/TEN). METHODS: Retrospective chart review of patients with SJS/TEN patients. Those with and without prior atopic diagnosis were compared. RESULTS: In total, 200 patients with SJS/TEN were identified. A total of 23 patients also had an atopic diagnosis. Four, 10, and 18 had atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis, and asthma respectively. Acute ocular severity was significantly worse in the atopic cohort. No significant differences in overall systemic severity of SJS or mortality were found between the atopic and non-atopic cohorts. Compared to our hospital system's general population, prevalence of an atopic diagnosis was significantly higher in those with SJS/TEN. CONCLUSION: Patients with a history of an atopic diagnosis appear to have more significant acute ocular involvement during their SJS/TEN hospitalization. Atopic conditions appear to occur more frequently in the SJS/TEN population compared to the general population.

See also: Cornea, April 2022, All, 2022
Last updated on 05/01/2022