PURPOSE: Evaluate predictors and outcomes of ocular hypertension after open-globe injury. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective, case-control study reviewing records of consecutive patients with open-globe injuries treated at Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary between February 1999 and January 2007. Of 658 patients treated, 382 had at least 2 months of follow-up and sufficient data to be included. Main outcome measures are visual acuity, intraocular pressure (IOP), and type of glaucoma intervention employed. RESULTS: Sixty-five (17%) patients developed ocular hypertension defined as IOP≥22 mm Hg at >1 visit or requiring treatment. Increased age (P<0.001), hyphema (0.025), lens injury (P<0.0001), and zone II injury (P=0.0254) are risk factors for developing ocular hypertension after open-globe injury. Forty-eight (74%) patients with ocular hypertension were treated medically, 8 (12%) underwent filtering or glaucoma drainage device surgery, 5 (8%) had IOP normalization with observation, while 4 (6%) required anterior chamber washout with no other glaucoma surgery. Patients with ocular hypertension had an average maximum IOP=33.4 mm Hg at a median follow-up of 21 days, with most patients maintaining normal IOP at all follow-up time points. Visual acuity improved over time with median acuity of hand motions preoperatively, and 20/60 at 12 and 36 months. CONCLUSIONS: Ocular hypertension is a significant complication after open-globe injury that sometimes requires surgical intervention. Predictive factors can alert physicians to monitor for elevated IOP in the first month after trauma. Most patients with traumatic ocular hypertension had improved visual acuity and IOP normalization over time.
PURPOSE: To determine the safety and efficacy of autologous postauricular dermal grafts as posterior lamellar spacing material in patients with lower eyelid retraction. METHODS: At a tertiary care institution, 10 eyelids of 10 patients (7 men, 3 women; mean 56 years, range 24-78) who underwent repair of lower eyelid retraction using a postauricular dermal graft between July 2008 and December 2010 were retrospectively assessed. Data collected included patient demographics, etiology of retraction, and surgical history. Outcome measures included preoperative and postoperative eyelid position and surgery-related complications. RESULTS: Postoperative results were favorable: mean preoperative inferior scleral show was 3.3 ± 2.6 mm compared with 0.3 ± 1.2 mm postoperatively, p = 0.004 (paired t test). Mean follow up was 39.2 weeks (range 12-94). Complications included keratinization of the graft with vellus hair growth (n = 1) and ectropion (n = 1), both corrected with minor surgical interventions. One patient achieved overcorrection but declined further treatment. No donor site complications were encountered. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest postauricular dermal grafts are effective posterior lamellar spacers in the correction of eyelid retraction. They have adequate rigidity whilst maintaining sufficient pliability to mold to the globe. Resorption, common to acellular dermis matrix allografts and xenografts, was not encountered. Donor site complications were not encountered. Complications shared with other material include overcorrection and ectropion. Complications unique to autologous dermis include keratinization and hair growth.