Multimodal Imaging Features of Optic Disc Drusen


Yan Y, Ludwig CA, Liao YJ. Multimodal Imaging Features of Optic Disc Drusen. Am J Ophthalmol 2021;

Date Published:

2021 Jan 21


PURPOSE: Identify key en face multimodal imaging features of optic disc drusen (ODD). DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. METHODS: . SETTING: Single academic center. PATIENT OR STUDY POPULATION: 786 patients (age 10-82 years) with diagnostic codes for ODD or the term "optic disc drusen" in clinical notes extracted using natural language processing. INTERVENTION OR OBSERVATION PROCEDURES: Color fundus image, green-light and blue-light fundus autofluorescence (FAF), near-infrared reflectance (NIR), and enhanced-depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Ophthalmic imaging characteristics and sensitivity of en face imaging compared with EDI-OCT. RESULTS: 38 (61 eyes) of 786 patients had high-quality EDI-OCT and en face multimodal imaging. Green-light FAF had the highest sensitivity (96.8%) and showed homogeneously hyperautofluorescence while blue-light FAF differentiated superficial and deep ODD by the heterogeneous brightness of FAF. Blue-light FAF (93.5%) and NIR (91.8%) were also sensitive and provided important features including the location, size, and depth of ODD and morphology of the optic disc and ODD-associated features such as horizontal hyperreflective lines and peripapillary hyperreflective ovoid mass-like structures (PHOMS), respectively. Color fundus imaging had the lowest sensitivity (82%). There was good inter-rater reliability for all en face imaging modalities (P < .0001 for all). CONCLUSIONS: Green-light FAF had the highest sensitivity in diagnosis of ODD, while blue-light FAF and NIR provided more information regarding the severity, location, depth, and size of ODD. In eyes that are negative on green-light FAF, EDI-OCT can be performed and provides the highest-resolution characterization of the entire optic disc to rule out ODD.

Last updated on 01/31/2021